Living WarBirds of the miners on the Ijen crater

At night, the toxic gas in the crater flared up into "blue flame"-a concept of local population. Hundreds of visitors connect the long lines, go through temporary roads slippery in order to advance deep into the mountain. Between the lighting of the expedition, the miners also began his work at 2 h in the morning. Yatim is one of them.

44 year old men start their day earlier than usual, many people here still do to escape the hotness of the afternoon, and to earn a little less from the tourists who come here before dawn. The main work of the builders, the seven blue crater parties flood is the endless source of sulfur mining oral outdoor party. The sulfur gas is converted into liquid form and flow through a giant pipe system. When sulfur is cold and turn into solid form, the miners cut them into smaller pieces.

Sulfur fumes roll in the wind as "enemies" of the miners. This type of gas like a large curtain speed in the face, came down into the lungs, making them dizzy and collapsed. "Too bad if thick smoke together with wind and rain like this time," Yatim explained. "They make my eyes and nose irritation. You will cough immediately. If the pain really bad, you may have nausea. They also cause chest pain. Things that make this task more difficult. "

Use a plastic mask Yatim to limit the effects of the smoke. However, he also admitted that the filters of the mask has long no longer works. Many retired miners using only a sheet of cloth covering her mouth or do not have layers of protection. Miner's mask is usually caused by visitors.

The sulphur block pulled up from under the ground are arranged on wooden basket. The man specializes in porters to carry up to 80 kg of sulfur on the shoulders, the steep climb up the mountain to stand up to the crater. They often must stop, at every step are painful. "In addition to the hip pain, I also feel slightly sore shoulder. If there is room to stop, I rest a little bit. I do not go straight up that stops, so it is not easy to feel tired, "Yatim said.

The most similar work has not survived for centuries, but still lasted. Despite the ability to modernize or mechanized mining process, the builders still don't want the change at work. This left them at risk of losing their jobs or lose a pile of money.

Yatim said he usually earned about $58 (over 1.3 million) a week, depending on the volume of sulphur weighing stations moved to the foot of the mountain. This is a good wage and stability for the people of this area. The effort is to ensure that the family is likely to pursue a brighter future. "I hope the children will be successful and find a better job. Regardless of what is our dream, we as parents can only support and pray for them. I don't want them to like me, "Yatim confided. Ms. Suhaina, wife of Yatim, worried about the impact of the mining of sulfur for the health of her husband. She cried when he first saw the steep rugged path in mine. However, the results of the health check Yatim quite well, no matter what in the lungs. Kholid, head of community health clinics Licin, said respiratory system of miners not markedly affected, though they daily hourly contact with the air filled with sulfur. "Most dental disease. High acidity in sulfur cause tooth corrosion, "he said.

However, the same 250 Yatim colleagues still face other risks. For example, a former miner in Ijen snapped leg and can't go to work for 5 months, making household distracted. Yatim would still wake up in the morning of 3 h each day for prayer, go to the mountain and climbed the steep 3 km long that he was back and thousands of times. The miners here almost treat the crater is the only place to earn income, but sometimes Yatim still stop to immerse into the scene. "It's beautiful, even with me," he said.